The entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) literature has attracted much attention, especially in policy circles. However, the concept suffers from a number of shortcomings: (1) it lacks a clear analytical framework that makes explicit what is cause and what is effect in an EE; (2) while being a systemic concept, the EE has not yet fully exploited insights from network theory, and it is not always clear in what way the proposed elements are connected in an EE; (3) it remains a challenge what institutions (and at what spatial scale) impact on the structure and performance of EE; (4) studies have often focused on the EE in single regions or clusters, but lack a comparative and multi-scalar perspective and (5) the EE literature tends to provide a static framework taking a snapshot of EE without considering systematically their evolution over time. For each of these shortcomings, we make a number of suggestions to take up in future research on EE.
The introduction and adoption of green technologies are considered the most cost effective way to reduce environmental pressure without compromising economic competitiveness. The scientific literature has emphasized the crucial role played by diffusion pathways of green technologies along the supply value chain, but empirical quantitative findings on the effectiveness of green technologies in improving environmental performance are scarce. The objective of this paper is to highlight the role of inter-sectoral linkages in shaping the influence played by eco-innovations on sectoral environmental performance. Empirical findings show that both the direct and indirect effects of ecoinnovations help reduce environmental stress and that the strength of these impacts varies across the value chain depending on the technology adopted and the type of pollutant under scrutiny. The main implications we can deduce are that, first both corporate and policy governance strategies should specifically address the goal of maximizing environmental gains that can be achieved through the development and adoption of clean technologies along the supply chain, and second both strategies should be coordinated in order to minimize the costs for reducing environmental pressures.
Costantini, V., Crespi, F., Marin, G., & Paglialunga, E. (2017). Eco-innovation, sustainable supply chains and environmental performance in European industries. Journal of cleaner production, 155, 141-154. https://www.econstor.eu/handle/10419/174528
Professor Economic Policy, Roma Tre University, Italy
The interview transcript
Janna thank you very much for accepting this invitation to have a coffee break with me, how are you doing?
Thank you very much, it’s great to be here and I’m doing very well, thank you
Great to know, I’m enjoying as usual a very nice and dark this time black Colombian coffee, which coffee are you having today?
I have a lovely cappuccino.
Janna I want to talk with you about very interesting paper you wrote in which you do a critical review of entrepreneurial ecosystems, could you please tell me what the paper was about?
sure so the paper is about the concept of entrepreneurial ecosystems, they became very popular and it was mentioned a lot so a lot of policy makers were keen on applying that concept, however it was also a bit confusing and researchers at that time also had hard time to explaining all the bits and parts of that concept, so in our paper we went through systematically different research papers to explain what were the shortcomings of that concept at that time.
That sounds great so I imagined that the key notion of your paper is entrepreneurial ecosystems, do you mind giving us a definition of this concept?
yes of course entrepreneurial ecosystems are ecosystems that support or not entrepreneurship in the region and you could think about Silicon Valley, which is a popular example or another region like Stockholm or Lund, where there are different actors and factors are coordinated in a certain way that they support or not productive entrepreneurship, so we talk about actors, factors, links between them it happens in a region and we promote productive entrepreneurship.
Thank you for that that’s a very important concept indeed, in being in Lund very important to define it there um I want to know now a little bit about the findings of your paper can you tell us something about them please?
yes of course so the findings were about shortcomings as I mentioned and we found that cause and effect in the framework was not really clearly explained, another thing was that we were talking about entrepreneurial ecosystem like a network and we know a lot about networks through network theory and we have network tools but those were not yet applied to that concept, another thing were institutions institutions, such as culture or laws and regulations are very important, we know that, but also that was not really discussed in that concept yet in scientific literature, multiscalar approach was not taking up either, which means that not only looking at networks in one region, but how also how links outside of the region to national and global level play a role, also institutions play a role not only at regional level, but also at national and global levels and that is important to understand how that impact entrepreneurship comparative analysis or comparative approach was not taking up either too much, which means that researchers were focusing on certain regions and explaining that as singular cases and more comparative studies would be good to have and last point was dynamics, many discussions were about static view on entrepreneurship ecosystem, entrepreneurial ecosystem and it’s really interesting to know how we arrived there, how did silicon valley became what it is or how did Stockholm became what it is, how it started um developed their networks and became stronger with time.
So interesting thank you for that I would like you please to tell us a little bit about your personal experience or your personal motivation when you when you wrote this paper?
so this is a concept that supports or not entrepreneurship and of course that is very interesting to know because I’ve been an entrepreneur myself, I had a company and then I studied masters in entrepreneurship so anything that can help entrepreneurs dare to start a company and get support in those questions have been interesting to me.
That’s great to know honestly I’m also an entrepreneur myself and I really enjoyed your reading your paper because of that so, finally I want to ask you about the implications for for policy makers after your paper.
so the relevance to policy is that quality of entrepreneurship differ between different regions and that means that we have different type we can expect to have different types of firms in, as I mentioned Silicon Valley or Ohio or Stockholm or Lund regions and and we should understand not only how the firms themselves act and what they need but also the system they are in the ecosystem they are in, so policy makers should not only stimulate the entrepreneurial firms, but also understand the whole system and address bottlenecks in that system,
That’s really really important indeed and thank you very very much for for that paper for all your valuable insights and of course for having the time to chat with me and I wish you Janna all the best and those were all my questions and hope to see you soon in a coffee break.
My pleasure thank you very much for having me.
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Valeria thank you very much for accepting this invitation to a coffee break with me and how are you doing?
Thank you very much Lorena for inviting me and I’m quite well after a long trip but I’m very happy to be here in Stavanger.
We’re very happy to have you as well, and this time I want to talk with you about the paper you wrote, in which you analyzed the influence of eco innovations on environmental performance, could you please tell me what the paper was about?
The paper was about the influence of introducing green technologies into production processes, so at the manufacturing level and how this introduction of green technologies might help to improve the environmental quality of the production process.
I understand that one of the key notions of your paper is precisely that eco innovations, could you please provide us with a definition of this notion?
Eco innovation is a very wide notion that includes several steps into the
production process and you can include in the equation definition, for example, the development of new technologies that are able to reduce the quantity of energy necessary to make something, or also you can include managerial processes, for example the energy manager is considered as an eco
innovation because it reduces the energy required by labor force to make the
work that job.
Thank you for that and based on this notion, which ones will you
say are the main findings of your paper?
We discovered two main findings, the first one is that the development and diffusion of eco innovations, and in our paper we consider equation only the invention of new technologies is good for improving the environmental performance of the manufacturing sector, so those sectors adopting more and greener technologies, other sectors are more environmental friendly than the others and the second findings is that the more the sector is integrated into the global market, the higher the capacity to adopt into the production process green technologies that were developed in other countries and in other sectors so that the knowledge creation and diffusion into a global market is a process for reducing environmental impacts of the production processes.
Thank you for that I find this topic very interesting and quite actual, so thank you, I would like to know also it was the main motivation like company personal manner for you to write this paper?
The very first motivation was the fact that the literature in our in our academic community tried to understand the impact of public policies in fostering new technologies in the green sector but there was no contributions in quantitative terms, so with data trying to understand to which extent the introduction of green technologies is also favorable for reducing environmental pollution and this is why we started to investigate on this topic and it was like a joke because given that there was no literature on that we started to ask ok but if no one made that until now maybe it is not possible to the letter and on the contrary we obtain quite interesting results so we are happy for that.
Great we are happy to to have the paper, so finally I would like to ask you about the policy implications of your paper?
The policy implications are quite relevant given the efforts that the European Union is providing to obtain a sustainable growth path at the country at the country level and maybe if I would like to speak with the policymaker the European Commission I will say that it is important to monitor the real impact of selected policies on the environmental performance of sectors and countries and to somehow exploit the potential spillovers arising from investing in selected technologies and in selected countries because it is possible to obtain the same results in terms of reduction of pollution with the less money. That is indeed very very important
I’m sure they will listen to you, thank you very much for that and it was really a real pleasure for me to have you here and I hope to wish that I hope to see you soon again okay.
Thank you very much.
Tags: eco-innovation, environmental performance, governance systems, inter-sectoral linkages, international spillovers, sustainable production, value chain
Thank you for watching if you’re interested in more details about this
academic publication you can find here the link below and see you next time bye, bye.